Ukrainians are mastering a new kind of earnings in Poland. If earlier mass went to the construction sites, now are arranged taxi drivers Uber and Bolt, who work through mobile applications.
Profit – from 25 to 50 thousand hryvnias.
To do this, you need only a driver's license – you can tax on "visa-free" three months without permits, then return to Ukraine for three months and again go to work.
Since their cars with Ukrainian license plates drivers can not work, rent cars in Poland – an average of 500 zlotys per week (3 thousand hryvnia).
But there are also pitfalls – Ukrainian drivers are increasingly complaining of harassment because of their nationality.
"Country" learned how Ukrainians work as taxi drivers in Poland.
For six months i earned on my car
"In Poland, it is much more likely to meet a Ukrainian driver in a taxi than a Pole. In some locals it is irritating. My friend, who also works in Warsaw, was attacked by two young clients when they realized that he was Ukrainian. Like, what you came here, "banderovets", shouted to "roll back to Ukraine" – told us Lvivian Vladimir zarozhnyy, who is taxiing in Warsaw.
The easiest way to get a job is Uber, which has been working in the largest and most popular Polish cities for the last five years: Warsaw, Krakow, Gdansk. It is more popular than simple taxis and earnings there are higher.
According to him, it is most profitable to work in Warsaw – there are a lot of orders.
"I pay tax – in translation on our money 7 thousand hryvnias per car, about 5% of the profits I give to the company. It is good that the owner himself, there are no bosses, I build a schedule for myself. And most importantly – I earn about twice as much as in Ukraine. There are more orders, people have more money (although the tariff is about the same – about 50 hryvnia simulopers for 3 kilometers). Only rights, a certificate of criminal record and a machine are needed for work. In Poland, I shoot a corner for 200 dollars a month," says Lvivian.
Minimum you can earn 4 thousand zlotys per month (about 25 thousand UAH), and you can 8 thousand zloty slotnet pure (50 thousand hryvnia) – this is if you choose the successful areas for travel and tact at night. Even on the worst day, Uber in Poland earns about 80 zlotys (500 UAH).
According to him, during six months of work in Poland on Uber, he earned a personal car.
"The car is important. This, of course, is by no means "Jiguli." Must be a car no older than 2008, with air conditioning. I, for one, rent a Mitsubishi Lancer. There is also a popular Kea, Peugeot," says The Road.
You can also work with Uber partners who give a car, set a schedule and take about 15% of the revenue.
Attacks of taxi drivers and passengers
However, taxing on "Uber" is all the riskier. First, as in other countries, this taxi service operates semi-legally, and Polish taxi drivers have repeatedly gone on strike, demanding that UBER drivers take licenses, issue checks and pay taxes, as they do.
In Warsaw, taxi drivers demand the blocking of mobile applications for booking trips: in April this year, they blocked the streets and began a strike.
"We demand that the government block this damn application, so that we finally have peace and we can work normally, not 15 hours a day," complained the head of the Mazowiecki independent trade union "Solidarity" Rafal Piotr Jurek.
However, experts say this is unlikely, as the Ministry of Infrastructure does not have the right to block mobile applications.
Telecommunications companies would have to deal with the blocking. But, according to unofficial data of Gazeta Wyborcza, the telecom operators have not yet received such requests.
"There are rumors that they will be obliged to buy licenses, and illegals will be fined. There have been more and more conflicts between Uber drivers and the police at Warsaw airport," he said.
The second risk is harassment of Ukrainian drivers. The case of the attack on ukrainians, about which our interlocutor told, is far from unique. A year ago in the city of Opol police detained three Poles who humiliated a Ukrainian taxi driver, and then stole his car.
"Three Poles ordered a taxi after midnight. When they realized that the driver – a foreigner, they began to humiliate him. Then the taxi driver stopped the car and got out of it, called the police. While the driver told law enforcement details of the situation and his whereabouts, one of the passengers got behind the wheel and kidnapped him. So the Ukrainian was left without a taxi on the side of the road. Police subsequently detained two men, aged 22 and 27, in the city of Opol and charged with discrimination on national grounds. The third, a 32-year-old Pole, was detained in Krakow, where a stolen car was also found," Polish Radio reports.
Another high-profile incident occurred in March this year in Warsaw – passengers not only insulted the Ukrainian driver of Uber, but also severely beaten.
"They demanded that he "return to Ukraine." At first, the driver was hit several times in the car, then dragged into the street, where they were knocked to the ground and beaten again. After that, the doors of the car were damaged," said Yevgeny Prikhodko, a journalist at the Portal of Ukrainians of Poland PROstir.pl.
There are cases when Ukrainian drivers from "Uber" are attacked not only by passengers, but also by Polish colleagues.
"Warsaw taxi drivers pasted Uber cars, in which Ukrainians work, hard to wash off stickers "I speak only Ukrainian" and "thief" – says to us Prikhodko.
Such "shameful stickers" are glued to the cars of Ukrainians working for Uber
The Centre for the Monitoring of Racist and Xenophobic Behaviour in Poland called such actions a public insult to people because of their origin.
"We understand the demands of taxi drivers, we understand their anger at Uber. But fight the company, demand legal regulation from the Polish state and do not attack people who, like you, are trying to make a living to support their families," Prikhodko said.
Ukrainians are increasingly offended
Meanwhile, Ukrainians are increasingly faced with discrimination and hostility in Poland. And over the past four years, the number of such cases has increased from 30 to 190, said Lyudmila Denisova, parliamentary commissioner for human rights.
"Not all citizens of Ukraine apply to the relevant institutions when their rights are violated, so this figure may be higher," Denisova wrote on her Facebook page.
As an example, she cited the brutal beating of a Ukrainian student by a group of five in the Polish city of Jora on September 20.
"After the Maidan and the beginning of the war in Ukraine and the fall in living standards, the influx of Ukrainians to Poland grew. On the one hand, it is good, we do not have enough workers, but some Poles believe that because Ukrainians agree to lower wages, their earnings fall. Polish nationalists who do not like the glorification of Bandera in Ukraine have also stepped up, and automatically all Ukrainians who come to Poland are "banderites," Polish journalist Marcin Kowalczyk tells "Country".